Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/35754
Authors: 
Haskel, Jonathan
Sadun, Raffaella
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
IZA discussion papers 4028
Abstract: 
We use UK micro data to explore whether planning regulation reduced UK retailing productivity growth between 1997 and 2003. We document a shift to smaller shops, particularly within supermarket chains, following a regulatory change in 1996 which increased the costs of opening large stores. This might have caused a slowdown in productivity growth if firms (a) lose scale advantages, by moving to smaller stores and (b) lose scope advantages if existing organisational knowledge appropriate to larger stores is not perfectly substitutable with the organisational capital required to run smaller stores. Our micro data shows a relation, controlling for fixed effects, between chain-level TFP for multi-store chains and various measures of the size of the stores within the chain. Our results suggest the fall in within-chain shop sizes was associated with a lowering of chain TFP by about 0.4% pa, about 40% of the post-1995 slowdown in UK retail TFP growth. The foregone productivity works out at about £80,000 per small chain supermarket store.
Subjects: 
Productivity
retail
regulation
JEL: 
D24
L81
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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