Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/35517
Authors: 
Jahn, Elke J.
Wagner, Thomas
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
IZA discussion papers 3768
Abstract: 
To reduce unemployment targeted hiring subsidies for long-term unemployed are often recommended. To explore their effect on employment and wages, we devise a model with two types of unemployed and two methods of search, a public employment service (PES) and random search. The eligibility of a new match depends on the applicant's unemployment duration and on the method of search. The hiring subsidy raises job destruction and extends contrary to Mortensen-Pissarides (1999, 2003) the duration of a job search, so that equilibrium unemployment increases. Like the subsidy, organizational reforms, which advance the search effectiveness of the PES, crowd out the active jobseekers and reduce overall employment as well as social welfare. Nevertheless, reforms are a visible success for the PES and its target group, as they significantly increase the service's placement rate and lower the duration of a job search via the PES.
Subjects: 
Matching model
hiring subsidy
endogenous separation rate
active labour market policy
PES
random search
JEL: 
J41
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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