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Title:The transmission of women's fertility, human capital and work orientation across immigrant generations PDF Logo
Authors:Blau, Francine D.
Kahn, Lawrence M.
Liu, Albert Yung-Hsu
Papps, Kerry L.
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA discussion papers 3732
Abstract:Using 1995 - 2006 Current Population Survey and 1970 - 2000 Census data, we study the intergenerational transmission of fertility, human capital and work orientation of immigrants to their US-born children. We find that second-generation women's fertility and labor supply are significantly positively affected by the immigrant generation's fertility and labor supply respectively, with the effect of mother's fertility and labor supply larger than that of women from the father's source country. The second generation's education levels are also significantly positively affected by that of their parents, with a stronger effect of father's than mother's education. Second-generation women's schooling levels are negatively affected by immigrant fertility, suggesting a quality-quantity tradeoff for immigrant families. We find higher transmission rates for immigrant fertility to the second generation than we do for labor supply or education: after one generation, 40-65% of any immigrant excess fertility will remain, but only 12-18% of any immigrant annual hours shortfall and 18-36% of any immigrant educational shortfall. These results suggest a considerable amount of assimilation across generations toward native levels of schooling and labor supply, although fertility effects show more persistence.
Subjects:Immigration
second generation
gender
labor supply
fertility
human capital
JEL:D10
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20081014377
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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