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Title:Immigrant labor, child care services, and the work fertility trade-off in the United States PDF Logo
Authors:Furtado, Delia
Hock, Heinrich
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3506
Abstract:The negative correlation between female employment and fertility in industrialized nations has weakened since the 1960s, particularly in the United States. We suggest that the continuing influx of low-skilled immigrants has led to a substantial reduction in the trade-off between work and childrearing facing American women. The evidence we present indicates that low-skilled immigration has driven down wages in the US child-care sector. More affordable child-care has, in turn, increased the fertility of college graduate native females. Although childbearing is generally associated with temporary exit from the labor force, immigrant-led declines in the price of child-care has reduced the extent of role incompatibility between fertility and work.
Subjects:Fertility
labor supply
immigration
JEL:D10
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-2008060504
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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