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Title:School attendance of children and the work of mothers: a joint multilevel model for India PDF Logo
Authors:Francavilla, Francesca
Giannelli, Gianna Claudia
Grilli, Leonardo
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3531
Abstract:This paper investigates the determinants of school attendance of children and their mother´s working status when the mother decides how to allocate her time and that of her children. A multilevel random effects model is applied to study the mother´s participation and the schooling status of her children in a joint framework. Using the second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2) for India, we find that, controlling for many covariates among which wealth is the most powerful predictor, children of working mothers have a lower probability of attending school. This, together with the result that only illiterate and poor mothers with unskilled or unemployed partners have a high probability of working, points to the need for decent labour market opportunities for females. An implication of our findings is that any policy aiming both at enhancing women´s empowerment through labour and increasing children´s welfare should also target improvements in women´s conditions in the labour market.
Subjects:Children´s schooling
women´s work
household allocation of time
random effects
India
JEL:J13
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-20080609120
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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