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Title:Fertility in Sub-Saharan African countries with consideration to health and poverty PDF Logo
Authors:Jeon, Yongil
Rhyu, Sang-Young
Shields, Michael P.
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion Papers 3526
Abstract:Fertility has begun to fall in Sub-Saharan Africa but it remains high on average and particularly for a few countries. This paper examines African fertility using a panel data set of 47 Sub-Saharan countries between 1962 and 2003. Fixed and random country effect estimates are made in models where the explanatory variables are suggested by the theory of the demographic transition as modified by Caldwell. Special attention is paid to the economic status of women, urbanization, the poverty level, and the health of the population including total health expenditures and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. The results support Caldwell´s hypothesis and are generally supportive of hypothesis that a fertility transition is occurring. HIV/AIDS is found to have a negative impact on fertility.
Subjects:Fertility
infant mortality
Africa
poverty
health
JEL:J13
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-2008060976
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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