Browsing All of EconStor by Author Toole, Andrew A.

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Showing results 1 to 17 of 17
Year of PublicationTitleAuthor(s)
2005 Does Public Scientific Research Complement Industry R&D Investment? The Case of NIH Supported Basic and Clinical Research and Pharmaceutical Industry R&DToole, Andrew A.
2005 Biomedical Academic Entrepreneurship Through the SBIR ProgramToole, Andrew A.; Czarnitzki, Dirk
2006 Patent protection, market uncertainty, and R&D investmentCzarnitzki, Dirk; Toole, Andrew A.
2006 Business R&D and the Interplay of R&D Subsidies and Market UncertaintyCzarnitzki, Dirk; Toole, Andrew A.
2007 Exploring the relationship between scientist human capital and firm performance: The case of biomedical academic entrepreneurs in the SBIR programCzarnitzki, Dirk; Toole, Andrew A.
2007 Life Scientist Mobility from Academe to Industry: Does Academic Entrepreneurship Induce a Costly ?Brain Drain? on the Not-for-Profit Research Sector?Toole, Andrew A.; Czarnitzki, Dirk
2008 Patent Protection, Market Uncertainty, and R&D InvestmentToole, Andrew A.; Czarnitzki, Dirk
2008 The R&D Investment-Uncertainty Relationship: Do Competition and Firm Size Matter?Toole, Andrew A.; Czarnitzki, Dirk
2009 Is there a trade-off between academic research and faculty entrepreneurship? Evidence from U.S. NIH supported biomedical researchersCzarnitzki, Dirk; Toole, Andrew A.
2011 Delay and secrecy: Does industry sponsorship jeopardize disclosure of academic research?Czarnitzki, Dirk; Grimpe, Christoph; Toole, Andrew A.
2011 The impact of public basic research on industrial innovation: Evidence from the pharmaceutical industryToole, Andrew A.
2011 Industry-science connections in agriculture: Do public science collaborations and knowledge flows contribute to firm-level agricultural research productivity?Toole, Andrew A.; King, John L.
2013 University spinoffs and the 'performance premium'Czarnitzki, Dirk; Rammer, Christian; Toole, Andrew A.
2014 University research alliances, absorptive capacity, and the contribution of startups to employment growthsToole, Andrew A.; Czarnitzki, Dirk; Rammer, Christian
2015 Individual versus institutional ownership of university-discovered inventionsCzarnitzki, Dirk; Doherr, Thorsten; Hussinger, Katrin; Schliessler, Paula; Toole, Andrew A.
2016 The dynamic relationship between investments in brand equity and firm profitability: Evidence using trademark registrationsCrass, Dirk; Czarnitzki, Dirk; Toole, Andrew A.
2016 Knowledge creates markets: The influence of entrepreneurial support and patent rights on academic entrepreneurshipCzarnitzki, Dirk; Doherr, Thorsten; Hussinger, Katrin; Schliessler, Paula; Toole, Andrew A.