# Maharashtra PSC Exam: Philosphy MCQs (Practice_Test 22 of 90)

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- Which of the following statements are true in a valid argument?
- The truth of the premises is a necessary condition for the truth of the conclusion
- The truth of the conclusion is a necessary condition for the truth of the premises
- The truth of the premises is a sufficient condition for the truth of the conclusion
- The truth of the conclusion is a sufficient condition for the truth of the premises

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

- 1 and 4
- 1 and 2
- 3 and 4
- 2 and 3

- The validity of a deductive argument is determined by
- its content
- it from
- both its form and content
- the truth of its conclusion

- Consider the following propositions:
- Not all syllogisms having is true conclusion are valid
- Whatever is knowable is namable
- Few diplomatic statements are unambiguous
- Students often play cricket on a

Sunday

The correct sequence of these propositions in the traditional classification would be 1 2 3 4

- E I I A
- O A O I
- E A O I
- O A I A

- Consider the following statements:
- ‘Swami Vivekanand was born in Gujarat’ is a proposition
- Copula connects the predicate with the subject
- A statement that can be doubted is not a proposition
- A traditional proposition need not be in the form of an indicative sentence.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

- 1 and 4
- 3 and 4
- 2 and 3
- 1 and 2

- Given the following propositions:
- Not all scientists are philosophers
- All virtues are acquired
- No Indian can accept Pakistan՚s interpretation of the Kashmir problem

Which one of the following statements is correct?

- Subject term is distributed in propositions 2 and 3 Predicate term is distributed in propositions 2 and 3.
- Subject term is distributed in propositions 1,2 and 3. Predicate term is distributed in propositions 1 and 3
- Subject term is distributed in propositions 1,2 and 3. Predicate term is distributed in proposition 2
- Subject term is distributed in propositions 1 and 2. Predicate term is distributed in propositions 2 and 3

- Given that the second disjunct of a disjunctive proposition is an implication whose antecedent is false, the disjunction
- must be false
- may be true
- must be true
- may be false

- Assuming that there are no crows on the moon, which of the following statements cannot be true?
- All crows on the moon are black
- No crows on the moon are black
- Some crows on the moon are black
- Some crows on the moon are not black

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

- 1,2, 3 and 4
- 1 and 2
- 3 and 4
- 2 and 4

- Consider the following statements:
- Every sentence is a proposition
- A bi-conditional statement is false when both of its components are false
- A disjunctive statement may be true even when its first component is false
- The negation of a tautological statement is a contingent statement
- A statement which is false only if its first component is true and the second component is false, is called disjunction

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

- 1,3 and 4
- 2,3 and 5
- 1,2, 4 and 5
- 1,2, 3 and 4

- If the major term of a syllogism is the predicate of the major premise, then the
- minor premise must be affirmative
- major premise must be negative
- minor premise must be universal
- major premise must be particular

- Which one of the following has a valid mood in which the minor term is the subject of an ‘O’ proposition?
- Figure I
- Figure II
- Figure III
- Figure IV

- Some athletes are not actors All actors are runners Therefore, some runners are not athletes. The figure and mood of the above mentioned syllogism are
- OAO in Figure IV
- IAO in Figure III
- OIE in Figure II
- OAO in Figure I

- Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:
List-I (Rules) List-II (Fig. Of syllogism) - If the major premise is affirmative, the minor premise must be universal
- If either of the premises is negative the major premise must be universal
- The conclusion must be particular
- One of the premises must be negative

- Figure I
- Figure II
- Figure III
- Figure IV

- A
- B
- C
- D

- 1
- 4
- 3
- 2

- 4
- 2
- 3
- 1

- 3
- 4
- 2
- 1

- 4
- 2
- 1
- 3

- A valid syllogism in the third figure must have
- an affirmative major premise and a universal conclusions
- a negative major premise and a universal conclusion
- an affirmative minor premise and a particular conclusion
- a negative minor premise and a universal conclusion

- The syllogism: ‘A few persons who are frustrated in life are virtuous because a few virtuous persons sufferer in life and those who suffer in life are necessarily frustrated’ commits
- the fallacy of undistributed middle
- the fallacy of illicit major
- the fallacy of illicit minor
- no fallacy

- Every student is an examinee because every examinee is an identity card holder and all identity card holders are students. The syllogism commits the fallacy of
- illicit minor
- illicit major
- undistributed middle
- ambiguous minor