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Title:Taxing home ownership: Distributional effects of including net imputed rent in taxable income PDF Logo
Authors:Figari, Francesco
Paulus, Alari
Sutherland, Holly
Tsakloglou, Panos
Verbist, Gerlinde
Zantomio, Francesca
Issue Date:2012
Series/Report no.:EUROMOD Working Paper EM4/12
Abstract:Imputed rental income of homeowners is tax exempt in most countries, despite the long-standing arguments recommending its inclusion in the tax base, on both equity and efficiency grounds. The current fiscal crisis revived interest towards this form of taxation. The paper investigates the fiscal and distributional consequences of including homeowners' imputed rent, net of mortgage interest and maintenance costs, in taxable income as any cash income source that extends consumption opportunities. Three scenarios are analysed in six European countries: in the first imputed rent is included in the taxable income of homeowners, while at the same time existing mortgage interest tax relief schemes and taxation of cadastral incomes are abolished. In two further revenue-neutral scenarios, the additional tax revenue raised through the taxation of imputed rent is redistributed to taxpayers, either through a proportional rebate or a lump-sum tax credit. Results show how including net imputed rent in the tax base might affect inequality in each of the countries considered. Housing taxation appears to be a promising avenue for raising additional revenues, or lightening taxation of labour, with no inequality-increasing side-effects.
Subjects:housing taxation
imputed rent
income distribution
inequality
microsimulation
JEL:D31
H23
I31
I32
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:EUROMOD Working Paper Series, Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), University of Essex

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