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Title:Institutions and economic growth: The successful experience of Switzerland (1870 - 1950) PDF Logo
Authors:David, Thomas
Mach, André
Issue Date:2006
Series/Report no.:Research Paper, UNU-WIDER, United Nations University (UNU) 2006/101
Abstract:This research paper discusses the role of institutions in the rapid growth and successful international integration of Switzerland during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. In analysing the emergence and consolidation of the institutions whose existence was crucial, the paper looks both at the political institutions that managed conflicts and promoted cooperation between private and public actors and the economic institutions that, on the one hand, compensated the groups that fell behind in the developmental process (e.g., agricultural subsidies, high tolerance for domestic cartels, tariffs for some industries, institutions for labour representation) and, on the other hand, enhanced productivity. In addition, the absence of some institutions such as a patent law and an independent central bank was also crucial in the Swiss case, even though these two institutions are regarded as pre-requisites of development by today’s economic orthodoxy. The paper concludes by drawing lessons for today’s developing countries.
Subjects:economic growth
institutions
Switzerland
small countries
JEL:N13
N23
N43
ISBN:9291908851
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:WIDER Research Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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