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Title:The impact of reform on economic growth in China: A principal component analysis PDF Logo
Authors:Song, Ligang
Sheng, Yu
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:Research Paper, UNU-WIDER, United Nations University (UNU) 2008/12
Abstract:The study decomposes the sources of Chinese growth by first making a distinction between technological progress and technical efficiency in the growth accounting framework, and then identifying a series of reform programmes, such as urbanization, structural change, privatization, liberalization, banking and fiscal system reforms as the key components in institutional innovation which facilitate the improvement of technical efficiency and through which economic growth. These components are then incorporated into the model specification, which is estimated based on a panel dataset by applying the principal component analysis (PCA) to eliminate the multicollinearity problem. The results show that urbanization, liberalization and structural change in the form of industrialization are the most important components in contributing to the improvement of technical efficiency and hence growth, highlighting the importance of government policies aimed at enhancing further urbanization, openness to trade and industrial structural adjustments to sustain the growth momentum in China. The study also found that the potential for further enhancing growth through technical efficiency in China is considerable, which can be realized by deepening state-owned enterprises (SOEs) restructuring, and banking and fiscal system reform.
Subjects:institutional reform
growth
technical efficiency
principal component analysis
stochastic frontier analysis
JEL:O11
O23
O47
E61
ISBN:978-92-9230-054-8
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:WIDER Research Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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