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Title:Trading population for productivity: Theory and evidence PDF Logo
Authors:Galor, Oded
Mountford, Andrew
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:Working Paper, Brown University, Department of Economics 2008-2
Abstract:This research argues that the differential effect of international trade on the demand for human capital across countries has been a major determinant of the distribution of income and population across the globe. In developed countries the gains from trade have been directed towards investment in education and growth in income per capita, whereas a significant portion of these gains in less developed economies have been channeled towards population growth. Cross-country regressions establish that indeed trade has positive effects on fertility and negative effects on education in non-OECD economies, while inducing fertility decline and human capital formation in OECD economies.
Subjects:International Trade
Demographic Transition
Growth
Human Capital
JEL:O40
F11
F43
J10
N30
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Department of Economics, Brown University

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