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dc.contributor.authorAshraf, Quamrulen_US
dc.contributor.authorGalor, Odeden_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-02en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-17T11:31:34Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-17T11:31:34Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/62634-
dc.description.abstractThis research argues that deep-rooted factors, determined tens of thousands of years ago, had a signifcant effect on the course of economic development from the dawn of human civilization to the contemporary era. It advances and empirically establishes the hypothesis that, in the course of the exodus of Homo sapiens out of Africa, variation in migratory distance from the cradle of humankind to various settlements across the globe affected genetic diversity and has had a long-lasting effect on the pattern of comparative economic development that is not captured by geographical, institutional, and cultural factors. In particular, the level of genetic diversity within a society is found to have a hump-shaped effect on development outcomes in both the precolonial and the modern era, reflecting the trade-off between the benefcial and the detrimental effects of diversity on productivity. While the intermediate level of genetic diversity prevalent among Asian and European populations has been conducive for development, the high degree of diversity among African populations and the low degree of diversity among Native American populations have been a detrimental force in the development of these regions. Further, the optimal level of diversity has increased in the process of industrialization, as the benefcial forces associated with greater diversity have intensified in an environment characterized by more rapid technological progress.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrown Univ., Dep. of Economics Providence, RIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking Paper, Brown University, Department of Economics 2010-7en_US
dc.subject.jelN10en_US
dc.subject.jelN30en_US
dc.subject.jelN50en_US
dc.subject.jelO10en_US
dc.subject.jelO50en_US
dc.subject.jelZ10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordThe Out of Africa hypothesisen_US
dc.subject.keywordHuman genetic diversityen_US
dc.subject.keywordComparative developmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordIncome per capitaen_US
dc.subject.keywordPopulation densityen_US
dc.subject.keywordNeolithic Revolutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordLand productivityen_US
dc.subject.stwAnthropologieen_US
dc.subject.stwMenschenen_US
dc.subject.stwMobilitäten_US
dc.subject.stwGeographieen_US
dc.subject.stwEntwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwVergleichen_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleThe "Out of Africa" hypothesis, human genetic diversity, and comparative economic developmenten_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn638272823en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Department of Economics, Brown University

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