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dc.contributor.authorGong, Xiaodongen_US
dc.contributor.authorBreunig, Roberten_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-19en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-14T11:08:16Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-14T11:08:16Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/62584-
dc.description.abstractWe evaluate price subsidies and tax credits for child care. We focus on partnered women's labor supply, household income and welfare, demand for formal and informal child care and government expenditure. Using Australian data, we estimate a joint, discrete structural model of labor supply and child care demand. We introduce two methodological innovations: a quantity constraint that total formal and informal child care hours is at least as large as the mother's labor supply and child care explicitly included in the utility function as a proxy for child development. We find that tax credits are better than subsidies in terms of increasing average hours worked and household income. However, tax credits disproportionately benefit wealthier and more educated women. Price subsidies, while less efficient, have positive re-distributional effects.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6606en_US
dc.subject.jelC15en_US
dc.subject.jelC35en_US
dc.subject.jelJ22en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordchild careen_US
dc.subject.keywordlabor supplyen_US
dc.subject.keywordelasticitiesen_US
dc.subject.keyworddiscrete choice modelen_US
dc.subject.stwKinderbetreuungen_US
dc.subject.stwFamilienleistungsausgleichen_US
dc.subject.stwSteuerbegünstigungen_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwWeibliche Arbeitskräfteen_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitsangeboten_US
dc.subject.stwElastizitäten_US
dc.subject.stwAustralienen_US
dc.titleChild care assistance: Are subsidies or tax credits better?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn717901947en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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