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dc.contributor.authorBeise, Marianen_US
dc.contributor.authorBelitz, Heikeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-08-29T12:30:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-08-29T12:30:43Z-
dc.date.issued1998en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/61534-
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we present latest facts about the R&D activities of German multinational companies abroad and R&D activities of foreign companies in Germany. These results confirm that Germany is still an attractive location for R&D activites of multinational companies in many technological fields. However, the internationalisation of R&D is closely linked with the internationalisation of sales and production. In the commonly accepted eclectic theoretical approach by Dunning direct investment is pushed by companies that have advantages over their competitors in the host countries, where also attractive locational advantages exist. Since R&D is a source of both ownership and locational advantages, it was suggested earlier that instead of owning a technological advantage, companies with technological weaknesses start R&D in countries, which possess a technological advantage, to get access to new technologies. In contrast we found that German firms prefer to do R&D abroad in technological fields in which they hold a technological lead, e.g. in chemicals, pharmaceuticals and motor vehicles, but that they tend to perform R&D in countries which are also strong in these fields. Our results suggest that in most cases it is not the technological superiority of the host country itself which is the decisive locational advantage to attract multinationals' R&D but the lead-market function of that country or region.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherDeutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) Berlinen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiskussionspapiere, Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung 167en_US
dc.subject.jelF23en_US
dc.subject.jelO32en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordMultinational companyen_US
dc.subject.keywordR&Den_US
dc.subject.keywordInternationalisationen_US
dc.subject.keywordIndustrielle Forschungen_US
dc.subject.keywordMultinationales Unternehmenen_US
dc.subject.keywordWettbewerben_US
dc.subject.keywordWelten_US
dc.subject.keywordBundesrepublik Deutschlanden_US
dc.titleTrends in the Internationalisation of R&D: The German Perspectiveen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn730616703-
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des DIW
DIW-Diskussionspapiere

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