Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/59512
Authors: 
Hoffmann, Andreas
Urbansky, Björn
Year of Publication: 
2012
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper, Universität Leipzig, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät 108
Abstract: 
The paper describes boom-and-bust cycles within Hayek's framework of order and aims to provide an understanding of recurring crises in recent financial history. We argue that a boom-and-bust cycle is initiated by a displacement that lowers the degree of (ex-post) plan coherence (or order) in an economy. Such displacements can be endogenous (e.g. innovations) or exogenous (e.g. policy alteration). A cycle can be triggered if the displacement signals high short-run profit opportunities but agents lack an understanding of the long-run impact of the displacement and cannot form coherent expectations. The application of the framework aims at making sense of recurring financial crises since the break-down of the Bretton Woods System. First, we argue that the newly emerging international financial architecture has made the financial system more elastic. Second, we show how large exogenous displacements such as capital account liberalization inititated boom-and-bust cycles in developing countries. And third, we argue that the competitive market system themselves brought about many innovations that endogenously amplified the latest US boom-and-bust cycle and increased the crisis potential.
Subjects: 
Hayek
order
displacement
financial crises
JEL: 
E32
B5
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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