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Title:Is there surplus labor in rural India? PDF Logo
Authors:Foster, Andrew D.
Rosenzweig, Mark R.
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Center Discussion Paper, Economic Growth Center 991
Abstract:We show empirically using panel data at the plot and farm level and based on a model incorporating supervision costs, risk, credit-market imperfections and scale-economies associated with mechanization that small-scale farming is inefficient in India. Larger farms are more profitable per acre, more mechanized, less constrained in input use after bad shocks, and employ less per-acre labor than small farms. Based on our structural estimates of the effects of farm size on labor use and the distribution of Indian landholdings, we estimate that over 20% of the Indian agricultural labor force is surplus if minimum farm scale is 20 acres.
Subjects:agriculture
India
scale
profits
labor
tractors
JEL:O13
O16
O53
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Center Discussion Papers, Economic Growth Center (EGC), Yale University

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