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dc.contributor.authorRuhm, Christopheren_US
dc.contributor.authorWaldfogel, Janeen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-17en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-15T07:52:50Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-15T07:52:50Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-2012010913691-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/58760-
dc.description.abstractThis paper critically reviews what we know about the long-term effects of parental leave and early childhood education programs. We find only limited evidence that expansions of parental leave durations improved long-run educational or labor market outcomes of the children whose parents were affected by them, perhaps because benefits are hard to measure or confined to sub-groups, or because leave entitlements were sufficiently long, even before recent extensions, to yield most potential benefits. By contrast, expansions of early education generally yield benefits at school entry, adolescence, and for adults, particularly for disadvantaged children; however the gains may be less pronounced when high quality subsidized child care was available prior to the program expansion or when subsidies increased the use of low quality care.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6149en_US
dc.subject.jelJ13en_US
dc.subject.jelJ18en_US
dc.subject.jelJ48en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordparental leaveen_US
dc.subject.keywordearly childhood care and educationen_US
dc.subject.stwKinderen_US
dc.subject.stwKinderbetreuungen_US
dc.subject.stwFr├╝hkindliche Bildungen_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwBildungsniveauen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleLong-term effects of early childhood care and educationen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn690193831en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
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