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Title:Taxing childcare: Effects on family labor supply and children PDF Logo
Authors:Gathmann, Christina
Sass, Björn
Issue Date:2012
Series/Report no.:Discussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6440
Abstract:Previous studies report a wide range of estimates for how female labor supply responds to childcare prices. We shed new light on this question using a reform that raised the prices of public daycare. Parents respond by reducing public daycare and increasing childcare at home. Parents also reduce informal childcare indicating that public daycare and informal childcare are complements. Female labor force participation declines and the response is strongest for single parents and low-income households. The short-run effects on cognitive and non-cognitive skills are mixed, but negative for girls. Spillover effects on older siblings suggest that the policy affects the whole household, not just targeted family members.
Subjects:childcare
labor supply
cognitive skills
family policy
Germany
JEL:J13
J22
J18
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-201207126788
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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