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dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Francisco H. G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGignoux, Jérémieen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-19en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-15T07:48:03Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-15T07:48:03Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-2012010913826-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/58627-
dc.description.abstractThis paper proposes two related measures of educational inequality: one for educational achievement and another for educational opportunity. The former is the simple variance (or standard deviation) of test scores. Its selection is informed by consideration of two measurement issues that have typically been overlooked in the literature: the implications of the standardization of test scores for inequality indices, and the possible sample selection biases arising from the Program of International Student Assessment (PISA) sampling frame. The measure of inequality of educational opportunity is given by the share of the variance in test scores that is explained by pre-determined circumstances. Both measures are computed for the 57 countries in which PISA surveys were conducted in 2006. Inequality of opportunity accounts for up to 35 percent of all disparities in educational achievement. It is greater in (most of) continental Europe and Latin America than in Asia, Scandinavia, and North America. It is uncorrelated with average educational achievement and only weakly negatively correlated with per capita gross domestic product. It correlates negatively with the share of spending in primary schooling, and positively with tracking in secondary schools.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6161en_US
dc.subject.jelD39en_US
dc.subject.jelD63en_US
dc.subject.jelI29en_US
dc.subject.jelO54en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordeducational inequalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordeducational achievementen_US
dc.subject.keywordinequality of opportunityen_US
dc.subject.stwBildungschancenen_US
dc.subject.stwBildungsniveauen_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Ungleichheiten_US
dc.subject.stwMessungen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleThe measurement of educational inequality: Achievement and opportunityen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn690250983en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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