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dc.contributor.authorAbdulloev, Ilhomen_US
dc.contributor.authorGang, Ira N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLandon-Lane, Johnen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-25en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-15T07:39:58Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-15T07:39:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-201202285053-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/58556-
dc.description.abstractHow is migration related to informal activities? They may be complementary since new migrants may have difficulty finding employment in formal work, so many of them end up informally employed. Alternatively, migration and informality may be substitutes since migrants' incomes in their new locations and income earned in the home informal economy (without migration) are an imperfect trade-off. Tajikistan possesses both a very large informal sector and extensive international emigration. Using the gap between household expenditure and income as an indicator of informal activity, we find negative significant correlations between informal activities and migration: the gap between expenditure and income falls in the presence of migration. Furthermore, Tajikistan's professional workers ability to engage in informal activities enables them to forgo migration, while low-skilled non-professionals without post-secondary education choose to migrate instead of working in the informal sector. Our empirical evidence suggests migration and informality substitute for one another.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6236en_US
dc.subject.jelO17en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.jelP23en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordinformalen_US
dc.subject.keywordmigrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordremittancesen_US
dc.subject.keywordTajikistanen_US
dc.subject.stwInternationale Wanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwAuswanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwInformeller Sektoren_US
dc.subject.stwRücküberweisung (Migranten)en_US
dc.subject.stwTadschikistanen_US
dc.titleMigration as a substitute for informal activities: Evidence from Tajikistanen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn699888883en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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