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dc.contributor.authorAshraf, Quamrulen_US
dc.contributor.authorGalor, Odeden_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-08en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-15T07:35:05Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-15T07:35:05Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.piurn:nbn:de:101:1-2012042311304-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/58432-
dc.description.abstractThis research argues that deep-rooted factors, determined tens of thousands of years ago, had a significant effect on the course of economic development from the dawn of human civilization to the contemporary era. It advances and empirically establishes the hypothesis that in the course of the exodus of Homo sapiens out of Africa, variation in migratory distance from the cradle of humankind to various settlements across the globe affected genetic diversity and has had a direct long-lasting effect on the pattern of comparative economic development that could not be captured by contemporary geographical, institutional, and cultural factors. In particular, the level of genetic diversity within a society is found to have a hump-shaped effect on development outcomes in the pre-colonial era, reflecting the trade-off between the beneficial and the detrimental effects of diversity on productivity. Moreover, the level of genetic diversity in each country today (i.e., genetic diversity and genetic distance among and between its ancestral populations) has a similar non-monotonic effect on the contemporary levels of income per capita. While the intermediate level of genetic diversity prevalent among the Asian and European populations has been conducive for development, the high degree of diversity among African populations and the low degree of diversity among Native American populations have been a detrimental force in the development of these regions. Further, the optimal level of diversity has increased in the process of industrialization, as the beneficial forces associated with greater diversity have intensified in an environment characterized by more rapid technological progress.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherIZA Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion Paper series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 6330en_US
dc.subject.jelN10en_US
dc.subject.jelN30en_US
dc.subject.jelN50en_US
dc.subject.jelO10en_US
dc.subject.jelO50en_US
dc.subject.jelZ10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordOut of Africa hypothesisen_US
dc.subject.keywordhuman genetic diversityen_US
dc.subject.keywordcomparative developmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordpopulation densityen_US
dc.subject.keywordNeolithic Revolutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordland productivityen_US
dc.subject.keywordMalthusian stagnationen_US
dc.subject.stwAnthropologieen_US
dc.subject.stwMenschenen_US
dc.subject.stwMobilitäten_US
dc.subject.stwGeographieen_US
dc.subject.stwEntwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwVergleichen_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleThe "Out of Africa" hypothesis, human genetic diversity, and comparative economic developmenten_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn715372939en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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