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Title:Intra-firm trade and employment in US manufacturing PDF Logo
Authors:Blanas, Sotiris
Issue Date:2012
Series/Report no.:Kiel advanced studies working papers 458
Abstract:This paper studies the impact of trade within US-headquartered multinational companies (MNCs) on labour demand for all employees, as well as, for those of high and low skill in US manufacturing for the period 1995 - 2005. We find strong evidence on the positive and negative effect of intra-firm exports and imports respectively, on aggregate employment. The former effect is stronger than the latter. Moreover, we find that demand for low-skilled labour is negatively associated with intra-firm imports, while unaffected by intra-firm exports. In contrast, high-skilled labour demand is positively linked to intra-firm exports but unaffected by intra-firm imports. The last two findings put together, suggest that low-skill intensive stages of the value-added chain are mostly transferred to the US affiliates abroad, while highskill intensive ones are mostly kept within the US parents.
Subjects:Multinational Companies (MNCs)
intra-firm imports
intra-firm exports
employment
low-skilled workers
high-skilled workers
JEL:F16
F23
J21
J23
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des IfW
Kiel Advanced Studies Working Papers, IfW

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