EconStor >
World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division, Geneva >
WTO Staff Working Papers, Economic Research and Statistics Division, WTO >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/57612
  

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorValdés, Raymundoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-12-21en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-26T12:02:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-04-26T12:02:43Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/57612-
dc.description.abstractThe Trade Policy Reviews conducted in the Western Hemisphere over 1989-2009 contain a wealth of information that puts in clear evidence the considerable improvements achieved in most American countries during the first two decades of operation of the Trade Policy Review Mechanism. Those Reviews show that trade liberalization came hand-in-hand with internal reforms, and was generally of an autonomous nature and an intrinsic component of improved economic management. Trade liberalization slowed down during the second decade under review, with tariffs having come down mostly during the earlier years. The use of non-tariff barriers also fell over time although at a slow pace in some of the smallest Members, which found it difficult to implement the more complex trade policy instrument applied by larger countries. Export and other government assistance schemes proliferated throughout the continent but were often characterized by a lack of unity in the criteria used to assign and apply them. The review period also witnessed enormous changes in the services sectors, where reforms usually proved more complex than in the goods area. The multilateral and other international trade agreements contributed to the stability of trade policies and the general rejection of protectionism, although backtracking did occur in a number of cases. Because the commitments made during the Uruguay Round negotiation now fall short of the more liberal trade regimes that came to be over the review period, most Members in the Americas could presently raise trade and investment barriers without violating multilateral rules. Thus, the pressing need to conclude the Doha Development Agenda in order to lock in the considerable trade policy liberalization achieved during past years, and to strengthen the multilateral trading system.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWorld Trade Organization, Economic Research and Statistics Div. Genevaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWTO Staff Working Paper ERSD-2010-15en_US
dc.subject.jelF13en_US
dc.subject.jelF15en_US
dc.subject.jelN10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordCommercial Policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordGATT WTOen_US
dc.subject.keywordLiberalizationen_US
dc.subject.keywordIntegrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordHistoryen_US
dc.subject.stwAußenhandelspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwAußenhandelsliberalisierungen_US
dc.subject.stwWTO-Regelnen_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwAmerikaen_US
dc.titleLessons from the first two decades of trade policy reviews in the Americasen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn642317917en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WTO Staff Working Papers, Economic Research and Statistics Division, WTO

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
642317917.pdf258.18 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Show simple item record
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.