EconStor >
Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson (NY) >
Levy Economics Institute of Bard College >
Working Papers, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/57036
  

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDubois, Roberten_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-05en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-12T14:21:36Z-
dc.date.available2012-04-12T14:21:36Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/57036-
dc.description.abstractNot since the Great Depression have monetary policy matters and institutions weighed so heavily in commercial, financial, and political arenas. Apart from the eurozone crisis and global monetary policy issues, for nearly two years all else has counted for little more than noise on a relative risk basis. In major developed economies, a hypermature secular decline in interest rates is pancaking against a hard, roughly zero lower-rate bound (i.e., barring imposition of rather extreme policies such as a tax on cash holdings, which could conceivably drive rates deeply negative). Relentlessly mounting aggregate debt loads are rendering monetary- and fiscal policy-impaired governments and segments of society insolvent and struggling to escape liquidity quicksands and stubbornly low or negative growth and employment trends. At the center of the current crisis is the European Monetary Union (EMU) - a monetary union lacking fiscal and political integration. Such partial integration limits policy alternatives relative to either full federal integration of member-states or no integration at all. As we have witnessed since spring 2008, this operationally constrained middle ground progressively magnifies economic divergence and political and social discord across member-states. Given the scale and scope of the eurozone crisis, policy and actions taken (or not taken) by the European Central Bank (ECB) meaningfully impact markets large and small, and ripple with force through every major monetary policy domain. History, for the moment, has rendered the ECB the world’s most important monetary policy pivot point. Since November 2011, the ECB has taken on an arguably activist liquidity-provider role relative to private banks (and, in some important measure, indirectly to sovereigns) while maintaining its long-held post as 'rhetorical' promoter of staunch fiscal discipline relative to sovereignty-encased 'peripheral' states lacking full monetary and fiscal integration. In December 2011, the ECB made clear its intention to inject massive liquidity when faced with crises of scale in future. Already demonstratively disposed toward easing due to conditions on their respective domestic fronts, other major central banks have mobilized since the third quarter of 2011. The collective global central banking policy posture has thus become more homogenized, synchronized, and directionally clear than at any time since early 2009.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherLevy Economics Inst. Annandale-on-Hudson, NYen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper, Levy Economics Institute 710en_US
dc.subject.jelE02en_US
dc.subject.jelE31en_US
dc.subject.jelE42en_US
dc.subject.jelE44en_US
dc.subject.jelE51en_US
dc.subject.jelE52en_US
dc.subject.jelE58en_US
dc.subject.jelE61en_US
dc.subject.jelE62en_US
dc.subject.jelE63en_US
dc.subject.jelF36en_US
dc.subject.jelH63en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordEurozoneen_US
dc.subject.keywordmonetary policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordfiscal policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordEuropean Central Banken_US
dc.subject.keywordEuropean Monetary Unionen_US
dc.subject.keyworddebt monetizationen_US
dc.subject.keywordEuroen_US
dc.subject.keywordBaselen_US
dc.subject.keywordsovereign debten_US
dc.subject.keywordcredit default swapsen_US
dc.subject.keywordliquidityen_US
dc.subject.keywordsolvencyen_US
dc.subject.keyworddeleveragingen_US
dc.subject.keywordLTROen_US
dc.titleThe European Central Bank and why things are the way they are: A historic monetary policy pivot point and moment of (relative) clarityen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn687924375en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
687924375.pdf194.32 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Show simple item record
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.