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Title:Lessons from the New Deal: Did the New Deal prolong or worsen the Great Depression? PDF Logo
Authors:Hannsgen, Greg
Papadimitriou, Dimitri B.
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:Working paper, Levy Economics Institute 581
Abstract:Since the current recession began in December 2007, New Deal legislation and its effectiveness have been at the center of a lively debate in Washington. This paper emphasizes some key facts about two kinds of policy that were important during the Great Depression and have since become the focus of criticism by new New Deal critics: (1) regulatory and labor relations legislation, and (2) government spending and taxation. We argue that initiatives in these policy areas probably did not slow economic growth or worsen the unemployment problem from 1933 to 1939, as claimed by a number of economists in academic papers, in the popular press, and elsewhere. To substantiate our case, we cite some important economic benefits of New Deal-era laws in the two controversial policy areas noted above. In fact, we suggest that the New Deal provided effective medicine for the Depression, though fiscal policy was not sufficiently countercyclical to conquer mass unemployment and prevent the recession of 1937-38; 1933's National Industrial Recovery Act was badly flawed and poorly administered, and the help provided by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 came too late to have a big effect on the recovery.
Subjects:New Deal
public works projects
NIRA
NLRA
cartelization
unions
labor relations policy
fiscal policy
fiscal stimulus
unemployment
Great Depression
JEL:E20
E62
J58
L43
N12
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College

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