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dc.contributor.authorTcherneva, Pavlina R.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-06en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-04-12T14:17:41Z-
dc.date.available2012-04-12T14:17:41Z-
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/56977-
dc.description.abstractThe literature on public employment policies such as the job guarantee (JG) and the employer of last resort (ELR) often emphasizes their macroeconomic stabilization effects. But carefully designed and implemented policies like these can also have profound social transformative effects. In particular, they can help address enduring economic problems such as poverty and gender disparity. To examine how, this paper will look at the reform of Argentina’s Plan Jefes into Plan Familias. Plan Jefes was the hallmark stabilization policy of the Argentine government after the 2001 crisis. It guaranteed a public sector job in a community project to unemployed male and female heads of households. The vast majority of beneficiaries, however, turned out to be poor women. For a number of reasons that are explored below, the program was later reformed into a cash transfer policy, known as Plan Familias, that still exists today. The paper examines this reform in order to evaluate the relative impact of such policies on some of the most vulnerable members of society; namely, poor women. An examination of the Argentine experience based on survey evidence and fieldwork reveals that poor women overwhelmingly want paid work opportunities, and that a policy such as the JG or the ELR cannot only guarantees full employment and macroeconomic stabilization, but it can also serve as an institutional vehicle that begins to transform some of the structures and norms that produce and reproduce gender disparities. These transformative features of public employment policies are elucidated by turning to the capabilities approach developed by Amartya Sen and elaborated by Martha Nussbaum - an approach commonly invoked in the feminist literature. This paper examines how the access to paid employment can enhance what Sen defines as an individual’s 'substantive freedom'. Any policy that fosters genuine freedom begins with an understanding of what the targeted population (in this case, poor women) wants. It then devises a strategy that guarantees that such opportunities exist and removes the obstacles to accessing these opportunities.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherLevy Economics Inst. Annandale-on-Hudson, NYen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper, Levy Economics Institute 705en_US
dc.subject.jelB54en_US
dc.subject.jelD02en_US
dc.subject.jelD13en_US
dc.subject.jelD31en_US
dc.subject.jelD63en_US
dc.subject.jelE24en_US
dc.subject.jelE26en_US
dc.subject.jelE62en_US
dc.subject.jelE65en_US
dc.subject.jelH31en_US
dc.subject.jelH41en_US
dc.subject.jelH53en_US
dc.subject.jelI38en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordcapabilities approachen_US
dc.subject.keywordemployer of last resorten_US
dc.subject.keywordjob guaranteeen_US
dc.subject.keywordbasic incomeen_US
dc.subject.keywordcash transfersen_US
dc.subject.keywordpublic employmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordgender inequalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordpovertyen_US
dc.subject.keywordPlan Jefesen_US
dc.subject.keywordPlan Familiasen_US
dc.subject.keywordArgentinaen_US
dc.titleWhat do poor women want? Public employment or cash transfers? Lessons from Argentinaen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn684775506en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
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