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Title:External drivers of institutional change in Central Asia: Regional integration schemes and the role of Russia and China PDF Logo
Authors:Schweickert, Rainer
Melnykovska, Inna
Plamper, Hedwig
Issue Date:2012
Series/Report no.:Kiel Working Papers 1763
Abstract:Russia and China are assumed to challenge democratization and to promote autocracy. In a first step, we analyze Central Asia as the most-likely case, considering both Russia and China as relevant external actors. We develop a concept for our analysis based on the different strategies of Russia (dominance) and China (doing-business) towards the region and present the results of a qualitative study of the main dimensions of autocracy promotion with respect to regional and bilateral schemes. In a second step, we extend a previous framework (Melnykovska and Schweickert 2011) and provide econometric evidence based on a panel of post-socialist countries. We show that bilateral schems are (still) more relevant for external influences in Central Asia and that (unintentionally) China's doing-business approach may in fact promote institutional change. Arguably, democratization should not be a precondition for cooperation as in European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) but rather be promoted by sweeping economic cooperation incentives.
Subjects:Central Asia
China
Russia
governance
regional integration
trade
minorities
military threat
JEL:F53
F59
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Kieler Arbeitspapiere, IfW
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des IfW

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