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|Title:||Self-employment in the global economy |
|Authors:||Díez, Federico J.|
Ozdagli, Ali K.
|Issue Date:||2011 |
|Series/Report no.:||Working paper series // Federal Reserve Bank of Boston 11-5|
|Abstract:||This paper studies the eff ects of foreign competition on self-employment levels. We begin by pointing out a previously unknown fact: the greater the exposure to foreign competition, the smaller the fraction of self-employed people. This fact holds across very different countries, across relatively similar countries like European Union members, and across industries within the United States. We develop a model where heterogeneous agents select themselves into being either employees or self-employed in the spirit of Lucas (1978). This, in turn, translates into intra-industry firm heterogeneity as in Melitz (2003). Self-employed agents (firms) can also decide to enter into the export markets, subject to fixed and variable trade costs. The model delivers three basic predictions: (1) domestic self-employment increases with the trade costs of exporting from a foreign country to the home country, (2) domestic self-employment increases with the trade costs of exporting to the foreign country, and (3) higher levels of self-employment are associated with a lower fraction of exporting firms. Our empirical work on inter-industry data for the United States confirms these predictions of the model.|
|Document Type:||Working Paper|
|Appears in Collections:||Working Paper Series, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston|
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