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Title:Brain drain in the age of mass migration: Does relative inequality explain migrant selectivity? PDF Logo
Authors:Stolz, Yvonne
Baten, Jörg
Issue Date:2012
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper: Labour Markets 3705
Abstract:Brain drain is a core economic policy problem for many developing countries today. Does relative inequality in source and destination countries influence the brain-drain phenomenon? We explore human capital selectivity during the period 1820-1909.We apply age heaping techniques to measure human capital selectivity of international migrants. In a sample of 52 source and five destination countries we find selective migration determined by relative anthropometric inequality in source and destination countries. Other inequality measures confirm this. The results remain robust in OLS and Arellano-Bond approaches. We confirm the Roy-Borjas model of migrant self-selection. Moreover, we find that countries like Germany and UK experienced a small positive effect, because the less educated emigrated in larger numbers.
Subjects:international migration
labor markets
human capital
economic history
JEL:F22
J40
I21
N30
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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