EconStor >
Queen Mary, University of London >
School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary, University of London  >
Working Paper Series, School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary, University of London  >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/55175
  
Title:Jury discrimination in criminal trials PDF Logo
Authors:Anwar, Shamena
Bayer, Patrick
Hjalmarsson, Randi
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Working Paper // School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary, University of London 671
Abstract:This paper examines the impact of jury racial composition on trial outcomes using a unique dataset of all felony trials in Sarasota County, Florida between 2004 and 2009. We utilize a research design that exploits day-to-day variation in the composition of the jury pool to isolate quasi-random variation in the composition of the seated jury. We find strong evidence that all-white juries acquit whites more often and are less favorable to black versus white defendants when compared to juries with at least one black member. Using the Anwar-Fang rank order test, we find strong statistical evidence of discrimination on the basis of defendant race. These results are consistent with racial prejudice on the part of white jurors, black jurors, or both. Using a simple model of jury selection and decision-making, we replicate the entire set of empirical regularities observed in the data, including the fact that blacks in the jury pool are just as likely as whites to be seated. Simulations of the model suggest that jurors of each race are heterogeneous in the standards of evidence that they require to convict and that both black and white defendants would prefer to face jurors of the same race.
Subjects:discrimination
race
jury
felony trials
verdicts
JEL:K14
K4
J15
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Working Paper Series, School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary, University of London

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
637433904.pdf298.93 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX
Share on:http://hdl.handle.net/10419/55175

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.