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Title:Social identity and competitiveness PDF Logo
Authors:Dargnies, Marie-Pierre
Issue Date:2011
Series/Report no.:Discussion papers // Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, Schwerpunkt Märkte und Politik: Abteilung Verhalten auf Märkten SP II 2011-202
Abstract:Recent experimental results indicate that women do not like competitive environments as much as men do. Another literature is interested in the effect of social identity on economic behaviors. This paper investigates in the lab the impact of social identity on men and women's willingness to compete both individually and as part of a team. To this aim, participants from the Identity sessions had to go through group identity building activities in the lab while participants from the Benchmark sessions did not. The main result is that men are only willing to enter a team competition with a teammate of unknown ability if they share a common group identity with him or her. This change of behavior seems to be caused by high-performing men who are less reluctant to be matched with a possibly less able participant when he or she belongs to his group. On the other hand, group identity does not seem to induce women to take actions more in the interest of the group they belong to.
Subjects:Social Identity
Gender Effects
Tournament
Teams
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des WZB
Discussion Papers, Abteilung Verhalten auf Märkten, WZB

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