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dc.contributor.authorWeeraratne, Suranjanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-13en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T13:19:50Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T13:19:50Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-9230-292-4en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/54158-
dc.description.abstractThe concept of scapegoating is frequently used to explain how opportunistic elites attempt to deflect blame onto vulnerable ethnic minorities, particularly during times of social turmoil. However, the notion of scapegoating is undertheorized in the conflict literature and the question of why elite scapegoating only sometimes leads to violence is seldom addressed. This paper seeks to redress the balance by interrogating spatial variations in violence against the economically dominant ethnic Chinese in Indonesia within the city of Jakarta in the late 1990s. By demonstrating different trajectories of violence within a 'broadly violent city', this study illustrates the importance of disaggregating the unit of analysis in conflict studies. The study argues that elite-orchestrated campaigns of scapegoating succeed only if specific attributes invoked in such campaigns resonate at the local level; violence is more likely when prevailing local conditions amplify the pointed nature of the elite rhetoric. This in turn magnifies the threat perceived by the local community, provides focal points for mobilization against the disliked 'other' and in turn makes certain Chinese communities more 'scapegoatable'. Typically, scapegoating of the Chinese entails invoking entrenched stereotypes of the group as non-Moslem, non-native, economically dominant outsiders. Local mechanisms which activate these stereotypes include higher visibility of non-Moslem sites of worship, heightened ethnic competition, and ostensible symbols of wealth associated with the Chinese.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWIDER Helsinkien_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,55en_US
dc.subject.jelA10en_US
dc.subject.jelC00en_US
dc.subject.jelJ10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordEthnic entrepreneursen_US
dc.subject.keywordcollective violenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordscapegoatingen_US
dc.subject.keywordmicro-foundations of violenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordIndonesiaen_US
dc.titleEthnic entrepreneurs and collective violence: Assessing spatial variations in anti-Chinese rioting within Jakarta during the May 1998 riotsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn63659596Xen_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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