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dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez S., Franciscoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGutiérrez, María Teresaen_US
dc.contributor.authorGuzmán, Taniaen_US
dc.contributor.authorArenas, Juan Carlosen_US
dc.contributor.authorPinto, María Teresaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-09en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T13:19:13Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T13:19:13Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-9230-389-1en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/54130-
dc.description.abstractThis paper evaluates transformative policy innovations with respect to security and taxation in the three main Colombian cities: Bogotá, Medellín, and Cali. In the first two, such policies were associated with huge success. Elsewhere we (Gutiérrez et al. 2009) have tagged these transformation processes as 'urban/metropolitan miracles'. The term comes from the fact that both common citizens and pundits considered these to be extremely unlikely, that they were fast, and that they were large-scale. We argue, that the success of Bogotá and Medellín was the result of a set of institutional underpinnings basically related to the 1991 constitution; the opening of a window of opportunity for new political actors; and, as a result, the formation of a new government coalition and 'governance formula'. Anti-particularism was a language related to political demands - linked organically with the pro-1991 constitution movement - which became effective because it matched the crucial strategic concerns of heterogeneous constituencies with respect to security and state-building. It was the cement holding together the coalitions that allowed large-scale urban transformation, and it tamed the opposition of the rich because it was issued as the solution their (and everyone else's) collective action problems.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWIDER Helsinkien_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2011,26en_US
dc.subject.jelO54en_US
dc.subject.jelO20en_US
dc.subject.jelP41en_US
dc.subject.jelR11en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordurban securityen_US
dc.subject.keywordstate buildingen_US
dc.subject.keywordpublic policiesen_US
dc.titleLocal government, taxes, and guns: Successful policy innovation in three Colombian citiesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn657452874en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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