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dc.contributor.authorRodgers, Dennisen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T13:17:14Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T13:17:14Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-9230-255-9en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/54063-
dc.description.abstractAs the world moves towards its so-called urban 'tipping point',urbanization in the global South has increasingly come to be portrayed as the portent of a dystopian future characterized by ever-mounting levels of anarchy and brutality. The association between cities, violence, and disorder is not new, however. In a classic article on 'Urbanism as a way of life', Louis Wirth (1938: 23) famously links cities to 'personal disorganization, mental breakdown, suicide, delinquency, crime, corruption, and disorder'. He does so on the grounds that the urban context constituted a space that naturally generated particular forms of social organization and collective action as a result of three key attributes: population size, density, and heterogeneity. Large numbers lead to a segmentation of human relations, the pre-eminence of secondary over primary social contact, and a utilitarianization of interpersonal relationships. Density produces increased competition, accelerates specialization, and engenders glaring contrasts that accentuate social friction. Heterogeneity induces more ramified and differentiated forms of social stratification, heightened individual mobility, and increased social fluidity. While large numbers, density, and heterogeneity can plausibly be considered universal features of cities, it is much less obvious that they necessarily lead to urban violence. This is a standpoint that is further reinforced by the fact that not all cities around the world - whether rapidly urbanizing or not - are violent, and taking off from Wirth's characterization of the city, this paper therefore seeks to understand how and why under certain circumstances compact settlements of large numbers of heterogeneous individuals give rise to violence, while in others they don't, focusing in particular on wider structural factors as seen through the specific lens of urban gang violence.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWIDER Helsinkien_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,20en_US
dc.subject.jelK42en_US
dc.subject.jelR00en_US
dc.subject.jelZ10en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordviolenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordgangsen_US
dc.subject.keywordChicago School of Sociologyen_US
dc.subject.keywordWirthen_US
dc.subject.stwUrbanisierungen_US
dc.subject.stwSozialer Konflikten_US
dc.subject.stwGewalten_US
dc.subject.stwOrganisierte Kriminalit├Ąten_US
dc.subject.stwStadtsoziologieen_US
dc.titleUrban violence is not (necessarily) a way of life: Towards a political economy of conflict in citiesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn636487016en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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