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dc.contributor.authorFourie, Johanen_US
dc.contributor.authorvon Fintel, Dieteren_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-18en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T13:16:56Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T13:16:56Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-9230-350-1en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/54050-
dc.description.abstractThe arrival of European settlers at the Cape in 1652 marked the beginning of what would become an extremely unequal society. Comparative analysis reveals that certain endowments exist in societies that experience a 'persistence of inequality'. This paper shows that the emphasis on endowments may be overstated. A more general explanation allows for 'non-tropical products' to contribute to the rise and persistence of an elite, and consequently inequality. The focus shifts to the production method used in the dominant industry - in this case, slave labour in viticulture - and the subsequent ability of the elite to extend these benefits to products that were typically not associated with elite formation in other societies (such as wheat). The Cape Colony is used as a case study to show how the arrival of French settlers (with a preference for wine-making) shifted production from cattle farming to viticulture. A large domestic and foreign market for wine necessitated an increase in production volume. Given differences in fixed and variable costs, this resulted in knecht (wage) labour being supplanted by slave labour, an event which institutionalized the elite and ensured that the Cape remained a highly unequal society, with ramifications for present-day South Africa.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWIDER Helsinkien_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,112en_US
dc.subject.jelD31en_US
dc.subject.jelD63en_US
dc.subject.jelN37en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordElitesen_US
dc.subject.keywordSouth Africaen_US
dc.subject.keywordinequalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordVOCen_US
dc.subject.keywordrole of governmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordEngerman and Sokoloffen_US
dc.titleThe fruit of the vine? An augmented endowments-inequality hypothesis and the rise of an elite in the Cape Colonyen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn636894908en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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