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Title:Gender implications of biofuels expansion: A CGE analysis for Mozambique PDF Logo
Authors:Arndt, Channing
Benfica, Rui
Thurlow, James
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Working paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,111
Abstract:We use a gendered computable general equilibrium model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in Mozambique. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, a stronger tradeoff between biofuels and food availability emerges when female labour is used intensively, as women are drawn away from food production. A skills-shortage amongst female workers also limits poverty reduction. Policy simulations indicate that only modest improvements in women's education and food crop yields are needed to address food security concerns and ensure broader-based benefits from biofuels.
Subjects:Biofuels
gender
poverty
growth
Africa
JEL:O13
O55
I3
J16
ISBN:978-92-9230-349-5
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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