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dc.contributor.authorCiarli, Tommasoen_US
dc.contributor.authorParto, Saeeden_US
dc.contributor.authorSavona, Mariaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T13:15:32Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T13:15:32Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-92-9230-243-6en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/53989-
dc.description.abstractThe paper examines the relationship between conflict and entrepreneurial activity in Afghanistan, drawing upon a unique data set, the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment household survey 2005. Afghanistan is severely underdeveloped and poor. Conflict has persisted in vast swathes of the country for decades, so that Afghanistan may be more appropriately described as an in-, rather than post-, conflict country. At the same time, qualitative (and anecdotal) evidence suggests that entrepreneurial activity is ubiquitous, although mainly due to survival strategies rather than a spirit of entrepreneurialism We empirically explore whether conflict affects the likelihood of a household to engage in entrepreneurial activity, proxied by sources of income coming from holding a small business. We control for the household characteristics and those of the environment, such as social capital, access to resources and infrastructure, as well as the presence of a minimal institutional governance system, to isolate the impact of conflict on household entrepreneurial behaviour. We find that the direct negative effect of the conflict on entrepreneurship is very small. The results on the control variables suggest that (i) the generation of entrepreneurship has seen conflict and instability for a whole life,( ii) a small business is a mean of surviving in a situation where any other support is lacking, (iii) it is a viable strategy when the household can cover some of the associated risks, (iv) there is no indirect effect of conflict via institutions and infrastructure, and (v) entrepreneurial activity may substitute for lacking markets and governance institutions. These results call for further and more in-depth research on Afghanistan as an overlooked area of study by the academic and development research community despite representing a priority for internationally supported reconstruction.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWIDER Helsinkien_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,08en_US
dc.subject.jelL26en_US
dc.subject.jelD1-
dc.subject.jelO12-
dc.subject.jelO15-
dc.subject.jelO17-
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordentrepreneurshipen_US
dc.subject.keywordconflicten_US
dc.subject.keywordAfghanistanen_US
dc.subject.keywordnational risk vulnerability assessmenten_US
dc.subject.stwPolitischer Konflikten_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmeren_US
dc.subject.stwPrivatwirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwInstitutionelle Infrastrukturen_US
dc.subject.stwUnterentwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwEntrepreneurship-Ansatzen_US
dc.subject.stwAfghanistanen_US
dc.titleConflict and entrepreneurial activity in Afghanistan: Findings from the national risk vulnerability assessment dataen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn636477428en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:WIDER Working Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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