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dc.contributor.authorCai, Junningen_US
dc.contributor.authorUng, Luynaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSetboonsarng, Sununtaren_US
dc.contributor.authorLeung, PingSunen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-12-15T12:21:44Z-
dc.date.available2011-12-15T12:21:44Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/53501-
dc.description.abstractFrom the farmer's perspective, contract farming provides stable market access, credits, extension services, infrastructure and other benefits, but has drawbacks such as limiting the flexibility of farming and marketing. Based on a survey of rice contract farming for export in Cambodia, this paper uses simple mean comparison, propensity score matching comparison, and switching regression comparison to assess the impact of contract farming on farmers' performance. Farmers with larger family sizes, younger and more educated household heads, less asset value, and those with farm locations closer to the highway are more likely to join the contract. The results provide evidence that contract farming of non-certified organic rice has a positive impact on farmers' profitability. They also suggest that progressive farmers living near the highway tend to join the contract first, but leave contract farming early, while farmers in more remote areas remain under contract. It appears that the sample former-contract farmers' profitability did not decline after leaving contract farming as they further intensified their farming systems to produce for the less chemical conscious market. Thus, contract farming may be involved in the process of helping subsistence farmers develop into independent commercial farmers. This study provides empirical evidence that contract farming of safe food in remote areas where land is less contaminated could be an effective private-sector led poverty reduction strategy. However, since contract farming in this case is not inclusive of the poorest farmers, public sector support is required to lower the transaction costs of working with them.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherAsian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) Tokyoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesADB Institute Discussion Papers 109en_US
dc.subject.jelD02en_US
dc.subject.jelQ12en_US
dc.subject.jelR32en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.stwVertragsanbauen_US
dc.subject.stwReisanbauen_US
dc.subject.stwKambodschaen_US
dc.titleRice contract farming in Cambodia: Empowering farmers to move beyond the contract toward independenceen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn569582768en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:ADB Institute Discussion Papers, Asian Development Bank Institute

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