Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/53273
Authors: 
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P.
Naghavi, Alireza
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
Nota di lavoro // Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei: Global challenges 54.2009
Abstract: 
We develop an endogenous growth model to study the long run consequences of offshoring with firm heterogeneity and incomplete contracts. In so doing, we model offshoring as the geographical fragmentation of a firm's production chain between a home upstream division and a foreign downstream one. On the positive side, we show that, when contracts are incomplete, the possibility of offshoring has favorable implications for economic growth. Yet, offshoring induced by a higher bargaining power of the upstream division can hamper growth: while there is always a positive correlation between upstream bargaining weight and offshoring activities, there is a non-monotonic relationship between these and growth. Whether offshoring with incomplete contracts also increases consumption depends on firm heterogeneity. On the normative side, we show that, whereas with complete contract efficiency is restored through a subsidy to R&D only, with incomplete contracts a production subsidy to offshored upstream divisions is needed too.
Subjects: 
Offshoring
Heterogeneous Firms
Incomplete Contracts
Growth
Industry Dynamics
JEL: 
D23
F23
L23
O31
O43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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