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Title:Convergence clubs in cross-country life expectancy dynamics PDF Logo
Authors:Mayer-Foulkes, David
Issue Date:2001
Series/Report no.:WIDER Discussion Papers // World Institute for Development Economics (UNU-WIDER) 2001/134
Abstract:I model life expectancy in terms of physical and human capital and technology, the fundamental economic variables described by economic growth theories. For concreteness, the Solow model and a convergence club growth model by Howitt and Mayer (2001) are used as examples. I discuss how a multiple convergence club structure can be used to define states of development and show that it must be reflected in the life expectancy dynamics. I then show by visual examination and by using mis-specification tests on levels and on convergence properties that the empirical cross-country distribution of life expectancy for the period 1960-97 is best described using a convergence club structure. This gives strong empirical evidence that only growth theories involving convergence clubs can explain the process of development.
Subjects:convergence clubs
life expectancy
economic growth
twin-peaked distribution
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:WIDER Discussion Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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