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Title:The portability of new immigrants' human capital: Language, education and occupational matching PDF Logo
Authors:Goldmann, Gustave
Sweetman, Arthur
Warman, Casey
Issue Date:2011
Series/Report no.:Discussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5851
Abstract:The implications of human capital portability - including interactions between education, language skills and pre- and post-immigration occupational matching - for earnings are explored for new immigrants to Canada. Given the importance of occupation-specific skills, as a precursor we also investigate occupational mobility and observe convergence toward the occupational skill distribution of the domestic population, although four years after landing immigrants remain less likely have a high skilled job. Immigrants who are able to match their source and host country occupations obtain higher earnings. However, surprisingly, neither matching nor language skills have any impact on the return to pre-immigration work experience, which is observed to be statistically significantly negative. Crucially, English language skills are found to have an appreciable direct impact on earnings, and to mediate the return to pre-immigration education but not labour market experience.
Subjects:immigration
human capital portability
occupation
language
education
JEL:J24
J61
J62
Persistent Identifier of the first edition:urn:nbn:de:101:1-201107283773
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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