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dc.contributor.authorChong, Albertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLeón, Gianmarcoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-23en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-11-18T11:47:39Z-
dc.date.available2011-11-18T11:47:39Z-
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/51449-
dc.description.abstractUnlike previous empirical studies that focus on barriers to entry in international trade, we focus on barriers to exit as measured by passport costs for a crosssection of countries. We test four common theories on the determinants of such exit barriers and find that macroeconomic and brain-drain explanations do explain high barriers to exit. However, institutional and cultural hypotheses do not appear to be empirically robust explanations of such high barriers. Our findings hold when applying instrumental variables, changes in specification, and changes in cross-country periods.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherInter-American Development Bank, Research Dep. Washington, DCen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking paper // Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 572en_US
dc.subject.jelO1en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordInternational Tradeen_US
dc.subject.keywordPassport Costsen_US
dc.subject.keywordBarriers to Exiten_US
dc.subject.keywordDevelopmenten_US
dc.subject.keywordLaboren_US
dc.subject.stwInternationale Wanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwAuswanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwBrain Drainen_US
dc.subject.stwReisebestimmungenen_US
dc.subject.stwInstitutionalismusen_US
dc.subject.stwTheorieen_US
dc.titleBarriers to exiten_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn585234604en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:Research Department Working Papers, Inter-American Development Bank

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