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dc.contributor.authorBen-Shalom, Yonatanen_US
dc.contributor.authorMoffitt, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorScholz, John Karlen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-27T15:18:16Z-
dc.date.available2011-09-27T15:18:16Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/49863-
dc.description.abstractWe assess the effectiveness of means-tested and social insurance programs in the United States. We show that per capita expenditures on these programs as a whole have grown over time but expenditures on some programs have declined. The benefit system in the U.S. has a major impact on poverty rates, reducing the percent poor in 2004 from 29 percent to 13.5 percent, estimates which are robust to different measures of the poverty line. We find that, while there are significant behavioral side effects of many programs, their aggregate impact is very small and does not affect the magnitude of the aggregate poverty impact of the system. The system reduces poverty the most for the disabled and the elderly and least for several groups among the non-elderly and non-disabled. Over time, we find that expenditures have shifted toward the disabled and the elderly, and away from those with the lowest incomes and toward those with higher incomes, with the consequence that post-transfer rates of deep poverty for some groups have increased. We conclude that the U.S. benefit system is paternalistic and tilted toward the support of the employed and toward groups with special needs and perceived deservingness.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherJohns Hopkins Univ., Dep. of Economics Baltimore, Md.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking papers // the Johns Hopkins University, Department of Economics 579 [rev.]en_US
dc.subject.jelH5en_US
dc.subject.jelD3en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordTransfer Programsen_US
dc.subject.keywordPovertyen_US
dc.subject.keywordInequalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordLabor Supplyen_US
dc.subject.stwArmutspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwWirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwAlte Menschenen_US
dc.subject.stwBehinderte Arbeitskräfteen_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitsangeboten_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Ungleichheiten_US
dc.subject.stwUSAen_US
dc.titleAn assessment of the effectiveness of anti-poverty programs in the United Statesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn657590711en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
Appears in Collections:Working Papers, Department of Economics, The Johns Hopkins University

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