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dc.contributor.authorKinda, Somlanare Romualden_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-07-15T14:21:45Z-
dc.date.available2011-07-15T14:21:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/48347-
dc.description.abstractThis paper aims at analysing the effect of democratic institutions on environmental quality (carbon dioxide per capita, sulfure dioxide per capita) and at identifying potential channel transmissions. We use panel data from 1960 to 2008 in 122 developing and developed countries and modern econometric methods. The results are as follows: Firstly, we show that democratic institutions have opposite effects on environment quality: a positive direct effect on environment quality and a negative indirect effect through investments and income inequality. Indeed, democratic institutions attract investments that hurt environment quality. Moreover, as democratic institutions reduce income inequality, they also damage environment. Secondly, we find that the direct negative effect of democratic institutions is higher for local pollutant (SO2) than for global pollutant (CO2). Thirdly, the nature of democratic institutions (presidential, parliamentary) is not conducive to environmental quality. Fourtly, results suggest that the direct positive effect of democratic institutions on environment quality is higher in developed countries than in developing countries. Thus, the democratic process in the first group of countries has increased their awareness for the environment protection.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel und Hamburgen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesProceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 46en_US
dc.subject.jelO43en_US
dc.subject.jelQ53en_US
dc.subject.jelC23en_US
dc.subject.jelD31en_US
dc.subject.jelE22en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordDemocratic institutionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordAir pollutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordPanel dataen_US
dc.subject.keywordIncome inequalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordInvestmentsen_US
dc.titleDemocratic Institutions and Environmental Quality: Effects and Transmission Channelsen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn665329628-
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungenen_US
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:gdec11:46-
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2011 (Berlin)

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