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Title:Has the EMU reduced wage growth and unemployment? Testing a model of trade union behaviour PDF Logo
Authors:Mikosch, Heiner
Sturm, Jan-Egbert
Issue Date:2011
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper: Monetary Policy and International Finance 3453
Abstract:By using a model of trade union behaviour Grüner (2010) argues that the introduction of the European Monetary Union (EMU) led to lower wage growth and lower unemployment in participating countries. Following Grüner's model, monetary centralization lets the central bank react less flexibly to national business cycle movements. This increases the amplitude of national business cycles which, in turn, leads to higher unemployment risk. In order to counter-balance this effect, trade unions lower their claims for wage mark-ups resulting in lower wage growth and lower unemployment. This paper uses macroeconomic data on OECD countries and a difference-in-differences approach to empirically test the implications of this model. Although we come up with some weak evidence for increased business cycle amplitudes within the EMU, we neither find a significant general effect of the EMU on wage growth nor on unemployment.
Subjects:common currency areas
EMU
Phillips curve
unemployment
wages
JEL:E52
E58
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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