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dc.contributor.authorAsadullah, M. Niazen_US
dc.contributor.authorYalonetzky, Gastonen_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper documents the extent of inequality of educational opportunity in India spanning the period 1983-2004 using National Sample Survey (NSS) data. We build on recent developments in the literature that has operationalized concepts in the inequality of opportunity theory (including Roemer's) and construct three indices of inequality of educational opportunity using data on an adult sample. Irrespective of the index used, the state of Kerala stands out as the least unequal in terms of educational opportunities. However, even after excluding Kerala, significant inter-state divergence remains amongst the remaining states. Transition matrix analysis confirms substantial inter-temporal mobility in inequality of opportunity across Indian states. Rajasthan and Gujarat in the West and Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the Centre experienced large-scale fall in the ranking of inequality of opportunities. However, despite being poor, Eastern states of West Bengal and Orissa made significant progress in reducing inequality of opportunity. At a region level, Southern, Northeastern and Eastern regions on average experienced upward mobility (i.e. decline in inequality of opportunity) whilst the Central region experienced downward mobility. We conclude by examining the link between progress towards equality of opportunity and poverty reduction, growth and a selection of pro-poor policies.en_US
dc.publisherInstitute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscussion paper series // Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 5146en_US
dc.subject.keywordschooling mobilityen_US
dc.subject.keyworddissimilarity indexen_US
dc.subject.keywordGini of opportunity indexen_US
dc.subject.keywordoverlap indexen_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Ungleichheiten_US
dc.subject.stwSozialer Indikatoren_US
dc.titleInequality of educational opportunity in India: Changes over time and across statesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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