EconStor >
Verein für Socialpolitik >
Ausschuss für Entwicklungsländer, Verein für Socialpolitik >
Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2010 (Hannover) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39994
  
Title:A household-based Human Development Index PDF Logo
Authors:Harttgen, Kenneth
Klasen, Stephan
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 30
Abstract:One of the most serious weaknesses of the human development index (HDI) is that it considers only average achievements and does not take into account the distribution of human development within a country or by population subgroups. All previous attempts to capture inequality in the HDI have also used aggregate information and there exists no HDI at the household level. This paper provides a method and illustration for calculating the HDI at the household level. This immediately allows the analysis of the HDI by any kind of population subgroups and by household socioeconomic characteristics. Furthermore, it allows to apply any kind of inequality measure to the HDI across population subgroups and over time. We illustrate our approach for 15 developing countries. Inequality in the HDI is largest in poorer countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. We also find large inequalities within countries between population subgroups, particularly by income, location, and education of the household head. We also find considerable inequality when looking at inequality measures like the Theil or the Gini coefficient; within-group inequality is, however, invariably larger than between-group inequality and inequality in the HDI within countries is of similar order of magnitude of inequality in the HDI between countries.
Subjects:Human Development Index
Income Inequality
Differential Mortality
Inequality in Education
JEL:I10
I20
I32
O10
O50
Document Type:Conference Paper
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2010 (Hannover)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
300_harttgen.pdf434.08 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX
Share on:http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39994

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.