EconStor >
Verein für Socialpolitik >
Ausschuss für Entwicklungsländer, Verein für Socialpolitik >
Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2010 (Hannover) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39968
  
Title:Cell Phones and Rural Labor Markets: Evidence from South Africa PDF Logo
Authors:Klonner, Stefan
Nolen, Patrick J.
Issue Date:2010
Series/Report no.:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 56
Abstract:We study the labor market effects of the roll-out of mobile phone coverage in rural South Africa. We address identification issues which arise from the fact that network roll-out cannot be viewed as an exogenous process to local economic development. We combine spatially coded data from South Africa’s leading network provider with annual labor force surveys. We use terrain properties to construct an instrumental variable that allows us to identify the causal effect of network coverage on economic outcomes under plausible assumptions. We find substantial effects of network roll-out on labor market outcomes with remarkable gender-specific differences. Employment increases by 15 percentage points when a locality receives network coverage. A gender- differentiated analysis shows that most of this effect is due to increased employment by women, in particular those who are not burdened with large child care responsibilities at their homes. All of the employment gains accrue in wage employed occupations. Agricultural employment decreases substantially, especially among males.
Subjects:Mobile Phones
Economic Development
Project Evaluation
JEL:O15
O22
J22
Document Type:Conference Paper
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2010 (Hannover)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
354_klonner.pdf458.06 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX
Share on:http://hdl.handle.net/10419/39968

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.