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dc.contributor.authorDalgaard, Carl-Johanen_US
dc.contributor.authorStrulik, Holgeren_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-09-13T15:05:33Z-
dc.date.available2010-09-13T15:05:33Z-
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/39963-
dc.description.abstractEvidence from economics, anthropology and biology testifies to a fundamental household trade-off between the number of offspring (quantity) and amount of nutrition per child (quality). This leads to a theory of pre-industrial growth where body size as well as population size is endogenous. But when productive quality investments are undertaken the historical constancy of income per capita seems puzzling. Why didn't episodes of rising income instigate a virtuous circle of rising body size and productivity? To address this question we propose that societies are subject to a \physiological check: if human body size rises, metabolic needs - our conceptualization of \subsistence requirements - rise. This mechanism turns out to be instrumental in explaining why income growth does not take hold and societies remain near an endogenously determined subsistence boundary. When we use the theory to shed light on pre-industrial cross-country income differences we find that 60-70% of the income differences in 1500 can plausibly be accounted for by variations in subsistence requirements.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherVerein für Socialpolitik, Ausschuss für Entwicklungsländer Göttingenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesProceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Hannover 2010 3en_US
dc.subject.jelO11en_US
dc.subject.jelI12en_US
dc.subject.jelJ13en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordMalthusian stagnationen_US
dc.subject.keywordSubsistenceen_US
dc.subject.keywordNutritionen_US
dc.subject.keywordBody sizeen_US
dc.subject.keywordPopulation growthen_US
dc.titleThe Physiological Foundations of the Wealth of Nationsen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn65442618X-
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:gdec10:3-
Appears in Collections:Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, 2010 (Hannover)

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